高考英語短文改錯答題秘籍,絕對“有料”

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  一

  常見錯誤類型

  1. 謂語動詞的錯誤是曆年考試的重點和熱點,常見謂語動詞錯誤類型有:

  ①一般現在時與一般過去時錯用,如:

  They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.(did 改為do)

  ② and 前後動詞時態不一致,如:

  As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. (visiting 改為 visited)

  ③主謂不一致,如:

  One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. (was 改為were)

  ④缺少動詞,特別是be動詞,如:

  There will an important game next month. (will後加be)

  ⑤第三人稱單數形式錯用

  ⑥主動語態和被動語態錯用

  2. 名詞的常見錯誤:單複數名詞錯用,可數名詞與不可數名詞錯用

  I’ll get good marks in all my subject.(subject 改為subjects)

  Their word were a great encouragement to me.(word 改為words)

  Without enough knowledges, you can never teach well.(knowledges改為knowledge)

  3. 連詞錯誤:連詞包括關係代詞、副詞,並列連詞and/ or/but等。關於連詞,一般考查從句關(who/whom/whose/what/which/how/why/when/where/if/whether等。)

  I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. (錯用了who的所有格形式,改為whose)

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  I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up. (此處應該是並列的關係而非轉折,but改為 and)

  Clever as she is, but she works very hard.(as意為“盡管”,不能再跟but連用,所以去掉but)

  4. 冠詞錯誤:

  (1)誤用a和an(根據單詞的第一個音素來判定)

  (2)誤用a/an 和the(固定搭配,或泛指、特指;多冠詞或少冠詞)

  We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改為the,the same 是固定搭配)

  As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kindsof pants. (mountain是可數名詞需用冠詞,所以其前加 a )

  I hope you have pleasant journey.(journey是可數名詞,故have後加a)

  5. 形容詞和副詞錯誤:

  (1)系動詞後用形容詞(be/am/is/are/was/were/become/go/感官性動詞 smell /feel)

  (2)詞性的誤用(形容詞修飾名詞;副詞修飾動詞、形容詞)

  I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (time是名詞所以要用形容詞wonderful修飾)

  My pronunciation was terribly.(was後用形容詞,terribly改為terrible.)

  6. 代詞錯誤:

  (1)代詞的主格和賓格(I / me; he/him; she/ her; we/ us they/ them )錯誤

  (2)反身代詞(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves)使用錯誤

  (3)代詞的單數和複數使用錯誤

  (4)代詞指代錯誤

  (5)多代詞或少代詞

  Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. (me 改為 myself )

  One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. (to前加it)

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  If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out. (other後加s)

  What’s more, you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him. (him改為them)

  7. 非謂語動詞的常見錯誤:

  (1)不定式、動名詞作主語、賓語時

  (2)and 連接的不定式或動名詞前後不一致(尤其距離較遠時)

  (3)介詞後用動名詞形式作賓語;某些動詞後要求接動名詞或不定式

  Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper. (enjoy 後需接動名詞,talk改為talking)

  But his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports. (go作主語,應改為 going )

  Children may not develop the habit of read and the ability to enjoy themselves. (介詞後用動名詞形式作賓語,read改為reading)

  I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees. (and 連接的不定式或動名詞前後不一致,故saw改為seeing)

  8. 介詞錯誤:

  (1)詞組中的介詞誤用

  (2)介詞意思理解偏差

  (3)介詞的多用或少用

  There are too many people among my family. (among 改為in ,in my family 為固定搭配)

  I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉 at, the moment 引導從句)

  二

  解題思路

  1. 看句中各部分的結構是否完整,特別是每個句子要有動詞

  2. 看謂語動詞的時態、語態是否正確

  3. 看非謂語動詞的用法是否正確

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  4. 看名詞的單、複數,格的使用是否正確

  5. 看定冠詞和不定冠詞是否正確

  6. 看代詞的格和性的使用是否正確

  7. 看定語從句中關係代詞、副詞是否準確

  8. 看並列句中的並列連詞、主從複合句中的從屬連詞用得是否得當

  三

  解題四原則

  1. 改動以最少為原則

  2. 虛詞以添加或刪除為原則

  3. 實詞以改變詞形為原則

  4. 以保持句子原意為原則

  四

  解題步驟

  1. 通讀全文,掌握大意

  2. 整句分析,逐行推敲

  3. 反複通讀,複查驗證

  五

  解題注意要點和能力培養

  1. 核對錯項時,若的確有一時難以改出的地方,可以參考所改動項是否基本符合“1:1:8”的比例。即多詞1個,缺詞1個,錯詞8個。

  2. 核對改正的語法項目是否有重複。因為短文改錯往往覆蓋面廣,一般不會出現重複考查某個語法點的現象。

  3. 核對答題符號是否規範,位置是否準確,看看有無遺漏符號,忽略字母大小寫和拚寫等問題。

(圖文整理網絡,涉及侵權請聯系刪除)

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